Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers that affect men worldwide. It usually grows slowly and is a walnut-shaped gland under the bladder, the prostate secretes seminal fluid, which provides nutrition for and allows the transport of sperm.
With advancement in time & technology, one can assess variations in detection practices and improvements in treatment. Now let's talk about the various stages of prostate cancer.
How can one deduce evolution of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer evolution is based on a number of different factors, including prostate cancer screening tests such as a digital rectal exam or prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and imaging studies like bones scans, MRIs, CT scans, and trans-rectal ultrasounds.
In order to determine the stages of a patient's prostate cancer, most doctors start by using the TNM staging system which is used by doctors and experts and it helps them explain different aspects of cancer's growth.
T - the T category estimates the size and extent of the Tumor
N - the N class tests whether and how far cancer has spread to the Lymph Nodes
M - the M class whether the cancer has spread to other organs in the body (a process called Metastasis
The score for every category is determined based on a pre-determined set of guidelines. The tumor with a score of T1 cannot be felt by the doctor whereas a score of T3 means that the tumor has begun to grow outside of the prostate.
Once the TNM scores are calculated the doctors combine the TNM score with the patient's Gleason score and PSA levels specifying the specific stage to the patient's cancer. With such analysis, Prostate cancer remnant rates can improve & give victims an idea of their probabilities of sustaining the disease based on the stage and time of diagnosis.
The different stages of prostate cancer
During stage 1 the tumor is non-detectable by an imaging test or a physical examination. This indicates that prostate cancer Me has not spread outside of the prostate. Discovery of prostate cancer at this stage is almost 80%, with a 5-year survival rate of almost 100%.
In this stage, the tumor may or may not be detected by a physical examination or imaging tests and yet has not developed outside of the prostate. If we check in this stage-2 the cells have a larger Gleason score and may spread more quickly.
The cancer now spreads beyond the prostate and may reach to the nearby seminal vesicles. Here some facts may reveal some stage-4 prostate cancers symptoms while they have other advanced indicators, still have not moved to other organs.
When it comes to the last stage of prostate cancer the tumor has already spread to other parts of the body, including the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bones, or bladder. Cancer Cell Animation
for Prostate Cancer
Surgery is a traditional choice to try to correct prostate cancer if cancer has not spread outside the prostate gland. The foremost type of surgery for prostate cancer is radical prostatectomy wherein the surgeon eliminates the entire prostate gland plus some of the tissue around it, along with the seminal vesicles. A radical prostatectomy can be performed in various ways.If there are a moderate chance cancer forces to spread to nearby lymph nodes even in such cases the surgeon may also remove some of these lymph nodes at this time also termed as lymph node biopsy.
There are Different types of treatment options which are available for patients with prostate cancer depending on various factors including the type of cancer and its stages. But if you are looking for the best prostate cancer treatment in Delhi , Dr AK Saini has the best possible solution for you.